What does the Official Languages Act say?

The debate that has become very popular on the social media for the use of Hindi in the official accounts has hit none other than the PMO when Jayalalithaa, The Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu has written a letter to Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India.

By making it a mention that English should be the common language for communicating on the social media network, she has indirectly hinted her opposition to the Hindi language proposal. A similar reaction has come from M Karunanidhi, the Chief of DMK Party. In a sarcastic way he urged the Prime Minister to focus on the development related activities rather than focussing on Hindi language.

In this milieu, the official languages act has once again attained the prominence. The following are the details of the same:

Official Languages Act is an act envisaged for the languages which may be used for the official purposes of the Union, for transaction of business in Parliament, for Central and State, Acts and for certain purposes in High Courts. It was enacted in the year 1963. This Act is popularly called the Official Languages Act, 1963. Section 3 shall come into force on the 26th day of January, 1965 and the remaining provisions of this Act shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act.

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

  • “Appointed day” in relation to section 3, means the 26th day of January, 1965 and in relation to any other provision of this Act, means the day on which that provision comes into force
  • “Hindi” means Hindi in Devanagari Script

Continuation of English Language for official purposes of the Union and for use in Parliament-

  • Notwithstanding the expiration of the period of fifteen years from the commencement of the Constitution, the English language may, as from the appointed day, continue to be used in addition to Hindi

o   For all the official purposes of the Union for which it was being used immediately before that day; and

o   For the transaction of business in Parliament:

Provided that the English language shall be used for purposes of communication between the Union and a State which has not adopted Hindi as its Official Language:

Provided further that where Hindi is used for purposes of communication between one State which has adopted Hindi as its official language and another State which has not adopted Hindi as its Official Language, such communication in Hindi shall be accompanied by a translation of the same in the English language:

Provided also that nothing in this sub-section shall be construed as preventing a State which has not adopted Hindi as its official language from using Hindi for purposes of communication with the Union or with a State which has adopted Hindi as its official language, or by agreement with any other State, and in such a case, it shall not be obligatory to use the English language for purposes of communication with that State.

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) where Hindi or the English Language is used for purposes of communication

o   Between one Ministry or Department or office of the Central Government and another

o   Between one Ministry or Department or office of the Central Government and any corporation or company owned or controlled by the Central Government or any office thereof

o   Between any corporation or company owned or controlled by the Central Government or any office thereof and another,

Translation of such communication in the English language or, as the case may be in Hindi shall also be provided till such date as the staff of the concerned Ministry, Department, office or the corporation or company aforesaid have acquired a working knowledge of Hindi.

  • Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) both Hindi and the English languages shall be used for-
  • Resolutions, general orders, rules, notifications, administrtative or other reports or press Communiques issued or made by the Central Government or by a Ministry, Department or office thereof or by a corporation or company owned or controlled by the Central Government or by any office of such corporation or company;
  • Administrative and other reports and official papers laid before a House or the Houses of Parliament;
  • Contracts and agreements executed, and licences, permits, notices and forms of tender issued, by or on behalf of the Central Government or any Ministry, Department or office thereof or by a corporation or company owned or controlled by the Central Government or by any office of such corporation or company.
  • Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) the Central Government may, by rules made under section 8, provide for the language/languages to be used for the official purpose of the Union, including the working of any Ministry, Department, Section or Office and in making such rules, due consideration shall be given to the quick and efficient disposal of the official business and the interests of the general public and in particular, the rules so made shall ensure that persons serving in connection with the affairs of the Union and having proficiency either in Hindi or in the English language may function effectively and that they are not placed at a disadvantage on the ground that they do not have proficiency in both the languages.
  • The provisions of clause (a) of sub-section (1), and the provisions of sub-section (2), sub-section (3) and sub-section (4) shall remain in force until resolutions for the discontinuance of the use of the English language for the purposes mentioned therein have been passed by the legislatures of all the States which have not adopted Hindi as their Official Language and until after considering the resolution aforesaid, a resolution for such discontinuance has been passed by each House of Parliament.

Committee on Official Language

  • After the expiration of ten years from the date on which section 3 comes into force, there shall be constituted a Committee on Official language, on a resolution to that effect being moved in either House of Parliament with the previous sanction of the President and passed by both Houses.
  • The Committee shall consist of thirty members, of whom twenty shall be members of the House of the people and ten shall be members of the Council of States, to be elected respectively the members of the House of the People and the members of the Council of States in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.
  • It shall be the duty of the Committee to review the progress made in the use of Hindi for the official purposes of the Union and submit a report to the President making recommendations thereon and the President shall cause the report to be laid before each House of Parliament, and sent to all the State Governments.
  • The President may, after consideration of the report referred to in sub-section (3), and the views, if any, expressed by the State Government thereon, issue directions in accordance with the whole or any part of that report :

Provided that the direction so issued shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of section 3

Authorised Hindi translation of Central Acts

  • A translation in Hindi published under the authority of the Prtesident in the Official Gazette on and after the appointed day-

o   Of any Central Act or of any Ordinance promulgated by the President, or

o   Of any order, rule, regulation or by-law issued under the Constitution or under any central Act, shall be deemed to be the authoritative text thereof in Hindi.

  • As from the appointed day, the authoritative text in the English language of all Bills to be introduced or amendments thereto to be moved in either House of Parliament shall be accompanied by a translation of the same in Hindi authorised in such manner as may be prescribed by rules made under this Act.

Authorised Hindi translation of State Acts in certain cases

Where the Legislature of a State has prescribed any language other than Hindi for use in Acts passed by the Legislature of the State or in Ordinances promulgated by the Governor of the State, a translation of the same in Hindi, in addition to a translation thereof in the English language as required by clause (3) of article 348 of the Constitution, may be published on or after the appointed day under the authority of the Governor of the State in the Official Gazette of the State and in such a case, the translation in Hindi or any such Act or Ordinance shall be deemed to be the authoritative text thereof in the Hindi language.

Power to make rules

  • The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act.
  • Every rule made under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or more in two successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of on effect, as the case may be so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.

Certain provisions not to apply to Jammu and Kashmir

The provisions of section 6 and section 7 shall not apply to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

Beas River Tragedy: An Analysis

Seeing is believing…so goes a proverb. Most of the people at once got shocked to know about the untoward tragic incident of Beas River mishap in Himachal Pradeshthat happened on June 8, this year. It was only through the narration of colleagues of the victims or the narrations of other eye witnesses that gave a vague picture of what exactly might have happened, people learnt about the tragic episode.

By the end of the second day of the tragic Beas River incident, an exclusive video has circulated in all sorts of video compatible media like Televisions, websites and or allied platforms. One advantage the web media has is the multimedia compatibility with an add-on advantage of immediacy. That has become a vital tool of the present day.

No sooner the exclusive video sources was available than the source video went viral around the world. However, the cause of concern is what does the fact of going viral of the ibid video speaks. Do the audience really want to know the fact or otherwise through such videos is an unanswered wonder.

If some were interested to know what went wrong behind such a tragedy, few others have been interested in playing the blame game. Truly, the only people who are the losers of this tragedy are the family members of the victims an no one else. It is not the time to play the blame game rather it is the time to condole and console the bereaved families.

It’s the human nature that individuals appreciate only those facts which they want to hear from the source. Otherwise, there would be a strong opposition on the opinions expressed by the source.

Truly, if we analyse the last minute happenings of the video of the tragic incident, the reason for both why few students got saved and few other students got entrapped remains the same. Yes, it’s true!! The only matter that played the key role is the reaction time. Nothing else!! Had those students who got victimised in the tragedy could have been reacted well in time; a great tragedy could have been avoided!!

Dilemma, facts over Polavaram Project

The ordinance issue for the inclusion of seven mandals of Bhadrachalam division in Khammam district has been the hot news for last few days. A study conducted by the Centre for Economic and Social Studies (CESS) let slips the fact that Polavaram irrigation project through its storage waters of the project on the Godavari River will surely dip the temple town of Bhadrachalam provided the storage exceeds the limit of 36L cusec at a level of 140 feet height.

With this study based report, and even otherwise, the people of Bhadrachalam have been fuming over the authorities who didn’t bother to listen to the people’s woes in allocating the villages to residuary Andhra Pradesh. As many as 3L tribal people will get affected with the decision taken by the centre, apart from inundating the temple town Bhadrachalam itself.


Bhadrachalam, the temple town draws historical heritage, culture and the sentiments of most of the people who are associated with it. Therefore, it is most likely that there will be a further strong opposition from the people of Residuary Andhra Pradesh as well for Polavaram project in the prevailing design pattern, apart from the just round the corner threat from Telangana state.


According to the ibid study report, in 1986 the spillway project Polavaram has been designed for the flood of 36L cusecs is the first of its kind in the last 500 years. If at all the dam level is maintained at 140ft from Mean Sea Level (MSL) at Polavaram, it will make the Bhadrachalam at 186ft MSL.


Reports reveal the fact that during the recent floods that hit the state, the MSL at Bhadrachalam was 180ft and the town was almost submerged. If so was the case in the normal set-up, what would happen if Polavaram project gets realized in the existing design pattern.


From one end Telangana state government and all parties in the state demand to revoke the decision stating that it was against the wishes of the tribal community. Also, the Telangana government demands for the design change joining hands with Odisha and Chattisgarh who have also been opposing the project since beginning, stating that they were not against the Polavaram Project itself but for the design of the project.


It could be only the irrigation experts who could bring out the veracities of threats imposed. If an expert committee that could give the unbiased report would be established and their opinion would be sought, for sure, there will be a great advantage in the matter concerned.


Prevention is better than cure. To keep up the good fortitude and protect the sentiments of the people, an imminent action is solicited at apposite level to preserve the temple town Bhadrachalam as well as the tribal people being affected in the caved areas of Polavaram.

Chandrababu, KCR’s in pink competition to dig up pride of Telugus!!

The last 10 days of happening in residuary Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states reveal the fact that there is an ongoing healthy competition between the two Chief Ministers – Nara Chandrababu Naidu (CBN) and Kalvakuntla Chandrasekhar Rao (KCR). Both Naidu and KCR do have the statesmen like qualities and transparently have a vision to develop their respective states. This is the true spirit that is needed by the two states of Telugus to move towards progression. Whether it is Andhra Pradesh or Telangana, we are all Telugus; and the development of all Telugus would be proud of the nation, for sure.

Competition leads for the further development in any given scenario and this is a universal trait. But, such a competition should be healthy. The visionary people like KCR and Naidu would hopefully practice the same healthy competition and get laurels to their respective states. Past is past and that should not have its impact on the present day or the future of anything.

In this milieu of development of either state, the resources held in abundance by any one state can be shared with the other state (instead of looking for another option) so that a desired relationship is maintained between the states. Even after bifurcation, there are certain things which are still intact between the states – like the matrimonial relationships, business relationships et al.

Provocative issues from any side are unsolicited at this juncture. It’s the time to make love and not war. As far as the media channels are concerned, they should take up the responsibility of presenting the facts, instead of provoking the people of one state to satisfy the people of other state. It makes no good to the society.

Let’s wish that the two states of Telugus would prosper in all aspects, thereby making the entire nation to feel proud!!

KCR the omnipotent

The Friday (June 13, 2014) speech inside the Telangana state assembly and council by KCR, the Chief Minister of Telangana, has grabbed the attention of not only the people of the state, but also the political analysts. His speech was immaculate which had an impact on the opposition party leaders, MLAs and MLCs as well; and forced them to welcome his proposals instead of criticising them. It was like a never seen episode to many as far as Indian politics are concerned. It was the healthy debate that is intended to happen every time.

Conventionally, the assembly sessions go on in an action-reaction mode. But, the Friday assembly session was purely contradictory to what has been practiced otherwise in the legislative houses.

The other angle in KCR was seen palpably. His speech brought out two factors that he was keen to undertake the development related aspects that have been promised in their election manifesto; nevertheless, he was also keen to get some time to do the same. Of course, Rome was not built in a day.

KCR made it a mention that he would consider the opinions of all party accord for major issues that is of course the foundation of a true democracy.

From the other end, Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India, at the centre is also keen to undertake all the possible development related activities. Truly, if this could have happened years before, India could have been enlisted under the developed countries by now. It is better late than never!!

Even a walk of 1000 miles begins with a single step. So, each and every positive move made by the leaders would fetch the glory to the nation, for sure. Let’s hope the same pace is maintained throughout and the desired change is brought in by the leaders concerned.

State division doubles traffic jam!!

With the carving out of Telangana state from the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh state, though the state has been bifurcated, the traffic jams on Hyderabad roads have become doubled up. May be wondering what relationship the traffic jam has to do with the state bifurcation. Yes, it does have a relationship.

The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill makes the provision of Hyderabad as the joint capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh states for as many as 10 years. This makes the presence of doubled up protocol holders in Hyderabad like Chief Ministers, Ministers and various other officials. Many times the traffic needs to be stopped to make a way for the convoys on protocol front. Considering the entire time taken for each convoy as approximated to ½ hr for each passage of convoy, a reasonably good number of vehicles struck up in the traffic jam, on a regular basis, there by further increasing the difficulties of a common man.

Ten years turn to be a reasonably good time. So, there is a dire need to address the situation and make some alternate arrangements. Otherwise, for sure, within no time the worse situation on Hyderabad roads would turn into the worst situation, and may even go beyond that. A timely action is solicited on this matter before the situation becomes intolerable. Hope the concerned authorities would realise the very fact and adopt adequate measures to address the dire situation.

Unknown Soldier remembered in calamities, forgotten otherwise!!

Jai Jawan Jai Kisan was a popular slogan given to India by the then Prime Minister of India Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1965 at a public gathering at Ramlila Maidan in New Delhi. The importance of soldiers and farmers was symbolized in this way to the nation. Nevertheless, both the farmers and the soldiers are remembered only during the crisis and calamities.

Let it be an Indo-China war, Indo-Pak war or internal calamities of direct and indirect in nature, it is only the soldiers who are on the leading front. Remember the 26/11 incident of Mumbai, Uttarakhand’s tragic floods in 2013 or the most recent Beas River mishap…wherever and whatever happens adversely, the soldier is remembered. But, I wonder how much respect a soldier is given otherwise. Despite many adverse conditions a soldier gives his life to the nation without expecting anything in return.

The nation as a whole is nonviolent and makes everybody enjoy their own lives. Have you ever thought of the reasons behind such a wonderful life being enjoyed by all of us which are free from all sorts of security related worries? It is just because of the diligent efforts put in by the Indian Armed Forces. They strive round the clock to safeguard our boundaries, our skies and our oceans. The result is of course known to everyone!!??

Here are few things which every individual can adopt from the great qualities uniquely possessed by an unknown soldier from any or all the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force):

  •  The value of discipline in every walk of life
  •  A thirst for adventure
  •  Fortitude to achieve set goals
  •  Practicing Unity in Diversity at all instances
  •  The true value of friendship
  •  Patriotic zeal
  •  Sacrificing for a purpose
  •  High standards of professionalism
  •  Maintaining one’s own integrity while expecting the same from others
  •  Positive attitude at all times
  •  Dependable in times of need

It is not seasonally that a soldier should be respected, but for his invaluable contribution to the nation, a soldier should be revered the most!!

Telangana State: An expedition

Hyderabad state consisting of 16 districts (8 Telangana districts, 5 Marathwada districts and 3 districts of Karnataka) had been under the rule of Nizam from 1724 to 1948, accounting for a period of 224 years. While India got its independence on August 15, 1947, the people of Hyderabad state got their independence on September 17, 1948 with the intervention of the then union home minister of India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Subsequently, the 8 districts of Telangana were merged with Andhra State for the formation of a new state of India – Andhra Pradesh. Paradoxically, the state of Andhra Pradesh was formed on November 1, 1956 – ignoring the wishes of people from 8 districts of Hyderabad state (people of Telangana districts), against a categorical recommendation of the States Reorganization Commission (SRC) and contrary to the views of the supreme leader of the time, Jawaharlal Nehru. The merger of Telangana districts was rather conditional. An agreement remarkably known as The Gentlemen’s Agreement of 1956  was made prior to the formation of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The ruling governments (mostly dominated by the people of Andhra region) never bothered to implement the agreement in both letter and spirit. As a result, the people of the Telangana region went on regular agitations, more prominently from 1969 with a pause in between. More recently, the agitation took its second and strong trample in the year 2009. Owing to the demands of the people of Telangana region, the Central Government of India has announced the statehood for Telangana region on December 09, 2009. Due to the sudden unforeseen eventualities after the announcement of the formation of Telangana state and after all the political parties who supported the Telangana movement took a ‘U’ turn in changing their opinions, the central government of India ordered for a commission headed by Justice Srikrishna.  Palpably from December 10, 2009, both the print and electronic media owned by people from different regions of Andhra Pradesh took the sides of Telangana and Seemandhra, respectively.

Going back into the history, erstwhile Hyderabad state got its independence on September 17, 1948, thirteen months after India got its independence; and the oppressed people of this region started feeling a sigh of relief. Despite the fact Hyderabad state got its independence and joined Indian union, there was no separate government for the people of this region till state assembly elections were conducted in India, in 1952. In these elections the Indian National Congress emerged as the winning party with 93 seats in Hyderabad state. Dr. Burgula Ramakrishna Rao got elected as the first chief minister of Hyderabad state.  Till that time i.e. from 1948 to 1952, the state of Hyderabad was under the military rule. On the other side, the people from Andhra region, part of erstwhile Madras state started agitating for a separate state. From October 19, 1952 Potti Sriramulu went on indefinite strike seeking a separate state for Andhra people with a share in Madras city (presently, this city is known as Chennai). The union government of India accepted for a separate state for Andhra but denied a share in erstwhile Madras city. After 56 days of indefinite strike, Potti Sriramulu passed away on December 15, 1952. Due to this, Andhra movement reached its height. Consequently, on October 1, 1953 Andhra State emerged as a new state of India with Kurnool as its capital.

The States Reorganization Commission (SRC) set up by the government of India in early 50s to examine the issue of reorganization of states of India was not in favor of merging the Telangana region (8 districts of erstwhile Hyderabad state) with the erstwhile Andhra state. Even the Prime Minister of the time, Jawaharlal Nehru, was also not in favor of merging Telangana districts with the Andhra state. He ridiculed the demand for Visalandhra as an idea bearing a tint of expansionist imperialism. Yet, paradoxically, the state of Andhra Pradesh was formed on November 1, 1956.

The merger of Telangana with Andhra was with many conditions. As a sort of protection against the possible exploitation by the people of Andhra region over Telangana region in the enlarged state, the merger was facilitated by a number of solemn promises with constitutional safeguards. These promises were made repeatedly, every time the violation of rights took place and the people of Telangana agitated for their rights. Rather these rules were made to be broken umpteen times. Including the then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, nobody ever thought the merger of Telangana with Andhra to be eternal. Jawaharlal Nehru compared the merger with matrimonial alliance having provision for divorce if the partners in the alliance cannot get on well. As feared, nothing could prevent the successive governments from exploiting Telangana region in every aspect varying from economic to political and from administrative to cultural.

The Gentlemen’s Agreement of 1956 was scuttled in various means and forms beginning from the very same day on which the state was born. This resulted in a massive revolt of the people of the region in 1968-69 demanding separation of Telangana from the state of Andhra Pradesh. This was more significantly known as Jai Telangana Movement. It was then realized by the state and central governments and started an attempt to undo the damage already done to the Telangana region. Towards this, the first initiative taken was the All Party Accord of January 1969 arrived at a meeting of the leaders of all political parties in the state convened by the then chief minister Kasu Brahmananda Reddy. But as envisaged, it was shelved in less than six months time. Thereafter, a couple of packages were announced by the prime minister of the time, Indira Gandhi, known as Eight Point Formula and Five Point Formula. In this context only, when the modalities of giving effect to these packages were being worked out, the supreme court of India gave a historic judgment validating, what have been known as Mulki Rules. This judgment dated October 3, 1972 upheld the rule of reserving employment and educational opportunities available in Telangana region exclusively for the residents of this region. But the political elite of Andhra region could not ingest these corrective measures given by the Supreme Court of India. The result was another agitation for a separate state – this time – from the people and politicians of Andhra region. During that period, it was prominent with the name Jai Andhra Movement. The demands of Jai Andhra Movement were either to scrap all the safeguards given to the people of Telangana including the judgment of Supreme Court of India on the validity of Mulki Rules or bifurcating Andhra Pradesh into Andhra and Telangana states. As a result of Jai Andhra Movement, as an alternative solution, the so-called Six Point Formula, a diluted form of safeguards of Telangana interests, was finagled on the people of Andhra Pradesh. Even this formula has never been implemented both in letter and spirit, to continue the exploitation of the people of Telangana Region.

All these exercises ultimately turned out to be futile. Also, the people of Telangana have been deprived of their legitimate share in the fruits of development, marginalized in the political process and administrative setup. The people of Telangana region have been belittled on the cultural and linguistic fronts and have been virtually reduced to the status of second-rate citizens in their own homeland, igniting the demand for a separate state.

K Chandrasekhar Rao (the president of Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) and the first chief minister of Telangana state) began a hunger strike on November 29, 2009 demanding a separate Telangana state. All the media channels including those owned by the Seemandhra people had to give the wide coverage of this historic incident. Every happening in this episode was given a wide publicity both in print and electronic media. On the eleventh day of K Chandrasekhar Rao’s indefinite fast for Telangana, on December 09, 2009, the union government emerging after a late-night meeting at Prime Minister’s residence announced that the process of formation of a separate state of Telangana was being set into motion. Since then the Seemandhra owned and oriented media became cautious and conditioned. Though it was not declared publicly, it is understood that it was decided not to give much coverage to Telangana movement; and incase if at all it is inevitable, it was decided to give the least coverage to Telangana movement. In this way, the Seemandhra owned and oriented media showed its colonial nature since then. From December 2009 till date many developments took in the Telangana movement. On July 30, 2013 The Congress-led United Progressive Alliance took its final decision on bifurcating Andhra Pradesh and creating a separate Telangana state. This caused the repetition of the history and the people and politicians of Seemandhra region started agitating for united Andhra Pradesh, widely known as Samaikya Andhra movement. Unlike the case of Telangana agitation that took place from November 2009, this movement has been getting a wide coverage through the print and electronic media owned by the people of Seemandhra region, pushing the journalistic and media ethics aside.

The final chapter started on that day and amidst so much of commotions and other happenings in the state as well as in the Centre, it was on Feb 20, 2014 the Andhra Pradesh reorganisation bill was passed in either house of the Parliament. Following the official announcement of statehood for Telangana, the announcement of General Elections was also made.

At last on June 2, 2014 Telangana emerged as the 29th state of India. Yes, this is a very long expedition that has taken its journey on the cadavers of the martyrs. The journey has concluded on June 1, 2014 to begin a new era on June 2, 2014. Let’s hope the dreams of all Telangintes may come true!!

KCR’s journey: The success is sweet but its secret is sweat!!

Kalvakunta Chandrasekhar Rao alias KCR has taken oath as the first Chief Minister of Telangana on the formation day of Telangana state, on June 2.  He was born on February 17, 1954 in Chintamadaka village, Siddipet Mandal in Medak District of erstwhile Hyderabad State in an agrarian family. He obtained Masters Degree (M.A) in Telugu Literature from O.U Arts College – Osmania University, Hyderabad.KCR started his career with the youth Congress Party in Medak district, controlled by Sanjay Gandhi in the early 70s.

He remained one among many political leaders for a long time of his political career. Nevertheless, he became the prominent leader of Telangana region only after he launched his new political party in April 2001 under the name Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS). The party emerged as a revolutionary party with the sole aim of getting statehood for Telangana.

KCR has been known for his own way of getting the things done. Unlike many politicians who never dare to offer resignations to their existing portfolios, KCR had sacrificed his portfolios many times, to put forward the aspirations of the Telangana people. He tried all possible ways of getting Telangana carved out of in a friendly environment and tied up alliance with different parties at different instances that were otherwise abide by the formation of Telangana.

November 29, 2009, on the historic day of Telangana, KCR went on an indefinite strike for the cause of statehood for Telangana. On the 11th day of his hunger strike, the Centre has come down to announce the initiation of the process of formation of Telangana. The then Union Home Minister has officially announced the same on December 9, 2009 night. With the dramatic resignation episode of the leaders from the other part of the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh state, Centre had to revoke its decision on December 23, 2009. There after so many things happened in a sequence and ultimately it was on July 30, 2013, the AICC Working committee has given its nod for the formation of Telangana.

The final chapter started on that day and amidst so much of commotions and other happenings in the state as well as in the Centre, it was on Feb 20, 2014 the Andhra Pradesh reorganisation bill was passed in either house of the Parliament. Following the official announcement of statehood for Telangana, the announcement of General Elections was also made.

These elections were very crucial as far as either region of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh was concerned. Every Party claimed their best to claim credit for the formation of Telangana state. The main battle was between TRS and Congress, for obvious reasons. The people of Telangana have given a clear mandate to TRS party in these elections. After 17days waiting period after the declaration of the results, it was on June 2, 2014, KCR took oath as the first Chief Minister of Telangana.

No doubt the success that KCR attained is very sweet. Nevertheless, the secret behind that success is nothing but sweat. Hopefully, the first Chief Minister of Telangana would turn the dreams of Telangana people into reality!!

Sir, your dreams have come true today!!

While the entire populace of Telangana were involved in their celebrations that began as early as 6’0 clock on June 1, I was repeatedly recalling Professor Jaya Shankar. I wish he could have seen the celebrations. Who deserves the credit of getting statehood for Telangana is immaterial. Nevertheless, the entire Telangana people would surely attribute the credit to many of which the major share goes to Professor Jaya Shankar. The other stakeholders are the TRS party and its president Kalvakunta Chandrasekhar Rao (more aptly known as KCR), the student martyrs who sacrificed their life for Telangana statehood, the entire Telangana community for being united at all times for the very reason and various political leaders of other prominent parties like Congress Party.

I personally opine that all these stakeholders are collectively responsible for the emerging of Telangana as the 29thstate of India. Nevertheless, the entire Telangana people should remember Prof Jaya Shankar for bringing all of them together. Many people including the research scholars have drawn inspiration from his speeches and literature indubitably. If one person was to speak on Telangana issue and the injustice caused to the region, it was none other than Prof Jaya Shankar.


Politicians may fight for any cause –noble or reduced. So, people, especially the educated elites will never bother for their opinions. However, if it were a scholarly person addressing the swarm, surely, people would listen to him/her. Such a situation was sensible in case of Telangana episode. It was due to the scholarly writings and speeches of Prof Jaya Shankar, most of the people got literally educated on the very issue. Otherwise who knew who Doddi Komaranna, Komaram Bheem, Chakali (Chityala) Ailamma et al were.

I wish Prof Jaya Shankar could have been alive to see the joyous celebrations of Telangana people. Wherever he may be (I suppose, such a noble man has no bereavement) I am sure he might be feeling heavenly!!